A 'heat dome' is headed for Canada. Here's what that means

WATCH ABOVE: A ‘heat dome’ is headed for Canada

A so-called heat dome that is bringing scorching temperatures south of the border is making its way across the Great Lakes into Canada.

Kingston, Brockville, Belleville regions issued heat warning

“Hot temperatures and high humidity levels are building across the central U.S. and this air mass will quickly expand north and east by Friday under a developing heat ridge or heat dome,” Global News Chief Meteorologist Anthony Farnell said.

A heat dome is heading north into Canada on Friday.

A heat dome is heading north into Canada on Friday.

Global News

On Thursday, heat warnings were already in effect for a large area of Southern Ontario and Quebec.

Temperatures are forecast to reach 34 C in Toronto and 30 C in Montreal on Friday — and will feel warmer when you factor in the humidity.

Farnell said the temperatures will feel “all the more tropical” because of a large amount of rain dumped around the Great Lakes, as well as the southern and central U.S.

WATCH: Much of the U.S., like Canada, is caught in the grip of a punishing heatwave.

What is a heat dome?

“A heat dome can form in the summer under particularly strong areas of high pressure,” explained Farnell.

“The high acts as a lid trapping the heat and humidity from escaping. As the hot air reaches the upper levels of the atmosphere it sinks back down to the surface of the earth which creates even hotter air.”

Heat warning issued for Peterborough, Kawartha Lakes, Northumberland County

Farnell said this cycle can “go on for days and days creating even more extreme temperatures.”

In the U.S., forecasters warned that Chicago could see the mercury rise as high as 43 C on Friday and Saturday.

When will it let up?

A cold front slated for Sunday will force the heat dome back down south, Farnell said.

Showers are in the forecast for many areas, including Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal and Kingston.

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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